According to Dictionary.com website a Business Analyst (BA) analyze the organization and design of businesses, government departments, and non-profit organizations. BAs also evaluate business models and their integration with technology.
Fundamentally, the responsibilities and activities performed by a business analyst are varied, but the most significant objective is always to advance the communication between the stakeholders and the project developers. Business analysts become more successful when they have undergone appropriate requirements training that educate them how to become efficient communicators and how to gather and write the requirements of the stakeholders.
Business analysis has four tiers. These four tiers consist of planning strategically,operating or business model analysis, process definition and design and the technical business analysis.
There are at least four tiers of business analysis:
- Planning Strategically
- The analysis of the organization’s strategic business needs of the organization
- Operating/Business Model Analysis
- The BA definitions and analyzes the organization’s policies and market business approaches
- Process Definition and Design
- In this level tier refers to the business process modeling (often developed through process modeling and design)
- IT/Technical Business Analysis
- The BA assists in the interpretation of business rules and requirements for technical system
As you can see, there are a number of characteristics which identify the role of the Business Analyst including:
- The analyst works with the business to recognize opportunities for enhancement in business achievements and procedures.
- The analyst is involved in the design or modification of business systems or IT systems.
- The analyst interacts with the business stakeholders and subject matter experts in order to understand their problems and needs.
- The analyst gathers, documents, and analyzes business needs and requirements.
- The analyst solved business problems and, as needed, designs technical solutions.
- The analyst documents the functional and, sometimes, technical design of the system.
- The analyst interacts with system architects and developers to ensure system is properly implemented.
- The analyst may help test the system and create system documentation and user manuals.
We proposes the following definition of a business analyst: “An interior consultancy position that has responsibility for inspecting industry structures, identifying opportunities for humanizing business systems and correlating the desires of the business with the use of IT.” The International Institute of Business Analysis (IIBA) describes the role as: “a liaison among stakeholders in order to understand the structure, policies, and operations of an organization, and to recommend solutions that enable the organization to achieve its goals.” The Certified Software Business Analyst (CSBA) Common Body of Knowledge defines this as: “uniquely placed in the organization to provide a strong link between the Business Community and Information Technology (IT).”
The role of Business Analyst has evolved from someone who was a part of the business operation and worked with Information Technology to improve the quality of the products and services being delivered by the IT organization to someone who apart from gathering Business Requirements, also assists in Integration and Acceptance Testing, supports the development of training and implementation material, participates in the implementation, and provides post-implementation support. Business Analysts today are also involved in the development of project plans and often provide project management skills when these skills are not available in other project participants.